“Mood disorder” is a broad term covering a range of symptoms that result in disturbances in emotionality. These disorders often significantly impact a person’s daily life and cause distress, and they may impair their normal functioning. Mood disorders in children often present the same symptoms. There are two types of mood disorders: depressive disorders and bipolar disorders. Depressive disorders are also called “unipolar” because the person’s mood remains at one “pole” of the emotion spectrum.
Major depressive disorder is defined by experiencing one or more major depressive episodes. A major depressive episode lasts for at least two weeks, and symptoms include:
- depressed mood, or irritable mood in children and adolescents
- diminished interest or pleasure in activities
- significant weight loss or gain, or significant change in appetite
- sleeping much more or much less than usual
- noticeable psychomotor agitation or retardation
- loss of energy or fatigue
- feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt
- diminished cognitive abilities, such as thinking (“brain fog”), decision-making, and concentration
People with bipolar disorders alternate between the two poles of emotion: depression and mania.
A full manic episode is a week or more of persistently elevated, grandiose, or irritable mood, and people may show the following symptoms:
- inflated self-esteem
- decreased need for sleep
- excessive talkativeness
- racing thoughts
- psychomotor agitation
- increase in goal-directed activity
- excessive involvement in high-risk behaviors
Treatment of Mood Disorders
At Houston Mind and Brain, it all starts with a psychiatric consultation with one of our professional providers at Houston Mind and Brain. They will go over your medical, family, and medication history as well as any environmental factors that may contribute to your mental health.
After your consultation, the providers will prescribe the best treatment from our wealth of options available to us at Houston Mind and Brain. Whether that be a prescription medication, therapy, or TMS, one of our specialties at Houston Mind and Brain.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is available at Houston Mind and Brain for treatment-resistant depression, both for unipolar depression and depression as part of bipolar disorder. TMS is a non-invasive, effective treatment that is FDA-approved and covered by most insurances. Sessions are 20 minutes long, five days per week for four weeks. After that, patients come in for two treatments a week for two months, then come in bi-monthly or less.